Machu Picchu geography

  • Machu Picchu is located in the Vilcanote Mountain Range
  • The altitude is about 2,430 meters above sea level (7,900Ft.)
  • The Machu Picchu National Park is known for its hummingbirds and orchids. 

Probably one of the main reasons why Machu Picchu is such an amazing place is its location. Looking at the map of Machu Picchu, you can see that it is located directly on a mountain ridge saddled in between two other mountains; Machu Picchu Mountain and Huayna Picchu Mountain. Both sides of the mountain have sheer drops and end in the Vilcanote river (at some points also called the Urubamba River). The whole site is located in a National Park called Machu Picchu National Park.

The geography of the region combined with the altitude and protection of the national park makes that this area is an ideal breeding ground for a large variety of flora and fauna. Plants like alisos, puya palm trees, and ferns are found in addition to more than 90 kinds of orchids. Animal life includes spectacled bear (the only native bear in South America), cock-of-the-rocks or "tunqui", tankas, wildcats and colorful variety of butterflies and insects. The site is part of a national park and the national park is famous for its large number of birds, especially the hummingbird population is quite impressive.